KALABURAGI DISTRICT PROFILE

About District ;

Kalaburagi district is one of the three districts that were transferred from Hyderabad State to Karnataka state at the time of re-organization of the state in 1956.The district is one among the 30 districts of Karnataka State.It is located in the Northern part of the state and lies between Notrh latitude 170 10 and 170 45 and between east longitude 760 10 and 770 45.It is bounded on the west by Bijapur district of Karnataka and Solapur district of Maharastra,on the north by Bidar district of Karnataka and Zaheerabad district of Andhrapradesh and on the sotuh by Yadgir,a newly formed,district of Karnataka.The district constitutes 7 revenue blocks and 8 educational blocks,they are Afzalpur. Aland, Chincholi, Chittapur, Kalaburagi (North),Kalaburagi(South),Jewargi and Sedam.

a) Historical Background

Kalaburagi, popularly called as “Kalaburgi” by the local people, was once a capital of the bahamani Kingdom Kalaburagi has a rich historical and cultural traditions. Bahamanis, the earliest Muslim empire of South India chose Kalaburagi to be their capital and ruled from here from 1347 to 1425 A.D.

Mentioned as Kalburagi, Kalumbarige, Kalabarge, etc. in ancient inscriptions, Kalaburagi is popularly known as “Kalburgi” by the locals. Kalaburagi district has its roots deep in history. The famous dynasties of the south, the Satavahans, the Chalukyas of Badami, the Rastrkuta, Shahis, the Aidil shahis, the Nizam Shahis have ruled over the district.

In 1504 Kalaburagi was permanently annexed to Adil Shahi kingdom of Bijapur. In 1657 with the invasion of Mir Jumla it passed into the hands of Mughals. Later with the establishment of Asaf Jahi (Nizam) Dynasty of Hydrabad (1724 - 1948) Kalaburagi came under it. In 1863 when Nizam Government formed Jillabandi, Surpur (Shorapur) became district headquarter, with nine Talukas of which Kalaburagi was one of them. In 1873 Kalaburagi was formed into Separate district with seven taluks. With reorganization of states in 1956 Kalaburagi became Part of Karnataka State and Divisional headquarter.

The Bahamani rulers built Kalaburagi city with Palaces, Mosques, Gumbazs, Bazaars and other public buildings. There are five score large and small Mosques and three score and ten Darghas in Kalaburagi. The City is described as a “Garden of Gumbazs” So also number of Temples, churches and other religious centers are spread all over the city.

In side the fort the Jumma Masjid, a noteworthy monument of Kalaburagi is in well preserved condition. It is said that it resembles the famous mosque of ‘Cordova’ city in Spain. The Masjid measuring 216 ft. east-west and 176 ft north south covering an area of 38016 sqft. Happens to be the only mosque in India, which is completely covered. Fergusson observes this “ as one of the most remarkable of its class in India in some respect unique.


Kalaburagi City is located on an undulating plain, presenting a vast stretch of black cotton soil. Being a Regional headquarters of government, it is an important city in the northern part of Karnataka situated 623 km away from Bangalore and 220 km from west of Hydrabad, Kalaburagi is well connected. The city with 430265 population Kalaburagi is humming with number of educational institutions and variety of business activities.

Kalaburagi district is very rich in cultural traditions. The vast stretch of fertile black cotton soil of the district is known for bumper red gram and jawar crops. The district is a “Daal bowl” of the state. The district is also known for cluster of cement industries and a distinct stone popularly know as “Shahabad Stone”.

Kalaburagi has been blessed by the incessant flowing of river Bhima in addition to this, a few tributaries flow in this region. The upper Krishna project and Bennethora Project are the two major irrigational ventures in the district. Kalaburagi which is known for the derth of industries is presently showing great deal of signs of growth in the cement, textile, leather, and chemical production in the industrial sector. One of the recent developments, where in the people of Kalaburagi are proud and boastful is that the establishment of central University. Indeed it is a feather to its cap.

On 26th September 2008, The cabinet meeting were held at Kalaburagi. In the meeting decision was taken by the cabinet that Yadgir is a new district. Therefore the Chief Minster declares that as a new 30th district.It has been come into force on 30.12.2009 as per the gazette order. So here after the details of progress and plan is made separately.

b) Geographical Features

Kalaburagi district occupies 16,224 square kilometers area. It is the largest district in the state in Geographical area which constitute 8.46 percent area of the state. The district is sub-divided into 2 revenue sub-divisions viz. Kalaburagi and Sedam. There are 7 revenue blocks in the district namely Aland, Afzalpur, Chincholli, Chittapur, Kalaburagi, Jewargi and Sedam. There are 8 educational blocks in the district namely Afzalpur, Chincholli, Chittapur, Kalaburagi North, Kalaburagi South, Jewargi and Sedam. The district has got 32 Hobalis, 04 town municipals, 4 muncipals, 7 Taluk Panchayats, 220 Grama Panchayats, 9 Assembly constituencies in the district.

Table 1.1 Salient features

Geographical area 10951 Sq.Kms

Revenue District 01

Revenue Blocks 07

Educational Blocks 08

Hoblies 32

Town Municipal Corporation 04

Corporation 01

Zilla Panchayats 01

Zilla Panchayat Members 43

Taluka Panchayats 07

Taluka Panchayat Members 155

Gram Panchayat 220

Gram Panchayat Members 3820

Revenue Villages 872

Number of Habitaions 1719

Assembly Constituencies 09

Member of Legislative Council 03

Parliamentary Constituencies 01

Member of Parliment 02


Table 1.2 No. of Assembly Constituency

Name of the Block

No. of the Assembly Constitutency

Afzalpur

01- Afzalpur

Aland

01 – Aland

Chincholli

01 – Chincholli

Chittapur

01- Chittapur

Kalaburagi

03 – Gulbarga (North) Gulbarga (South) and Gulbarga (Rural)

Jewargi

01 – Jewargi

Sedam

01 – Sedam

Total

09 - Assembly Constitutency


Table 1.3 No. of Parlimentry Constituency

Name of the Parlimentry Constituency

No. of Assembly Constituency

Kalaburagi

Afzalpur, Chittapur, Gulbarga (N), Gulbarga (S), Gulbarga (Rural), Jewargi & Sedam Assembly Constituency

Bidar

Aland and Chincholli Assembly Constituency


Table 1.4 No. of Legislative Constituency

Legislative Constituency

No. of Constituency

Teachers Constituency

1

Graduate Constituency

1

Local body constituency

1

Total

3

C) Socio-Economic and Cultural Characteristics

In recent years a High Power Committee was constituted by the govt. of Karnataka to look into the problem of regional imbalances in the state. The committee ( Popularly know as Nanjundappa Committee) submitted its report in 2002. The committee,on the basis of various socio-economic indicators assessed the development of 175 taluks in the state.The committee has identified The committee has identified six talukas among the seven talukas in the Kalaburagi district as the most backward talukas.

MOST BACKWARD TALUKAS OF KALABURAGI DISTRICT IN KARNATAKA STATE

TALUKA

RANK IN STATE

INDEX

SEDAM

155

0.72

CHITTAPUR

165

0.65

AFZALPUR

170

0.62

ALAND

172

0.61

CHINCHOLI

173

0.57

JEWARGI

174

0.57

Source : Report of the High Power Committee for Redressal of Regional Imbalance in Karnataka,Govt.of Karnataka,Bangalore 2002

Cultural Characteristics;

The people of this region have unique style of costume i.e.they foster the traditional dresses which symbolize their indianisation in exposing through the dresses. The chief of them is Pache and Shirt, the women wrap the chief garment i.e.Saree.As days are passing the people of this district are fascinated towards modern and modest dresses, stepping into the shoes of western. as the proverb goes, ‘ The grass on the other hedge looks greener’.

The people of this district are famous in fostering the traditions. They are conservative and orthodox. As for rituals are concerned there is no compromise in omitting the scientific outlook. Still they observe some religious practices. Besides celebrating the festivals inorder to showcare their universal solidarity and fraternity.Kalaburagi district stands out for all cultural,national and regional festivals.People in the villages and the city dwellers celebrate the regional festivals with religious fervor and great gusto.

During the time of harvest they do perform some plays.Through the plays they convey the message to their own community to rectify the evils in the society which are still prevailing.

Irrigation :

It is predominantly an agricultural district divided into two agro climatic zones namely eastern transition and north eastern dry zone. The zones indicate the predominance of rain dependent dry land agricultural area. The normal rainfall of the district is 777 mms. The climate of Kalaburagi District is generally dry and healthy. The net sown area in the district is 85.1 per cent of the total cultivable land area, which is 13821.94 square kilometers.

The major crops grown in the district are jowar, red gram, sunflower and groundnut. In terms of productivity the yields of principal crops is lesser than the state average. The variation in rainfall and endemic pest attack has affected productivity of tur (red gram). The production and productivity of jowar has been improving because of better use of fertilizer and plant protection measures. In case of oil seeds the area and production has been decreased.

Agriculture in the district mainly depends upon the rainfall and the net area irrigated to net area sown is 14%, which is below the state average of 24%. Bhima, Kagina, Mullamari, Benne Tora and Bori rivers flow in the district. The medium irrigation projects in the district is Chandrampalli, Apart from this, the medium projects of Amarja, Mullamari and Benne Tora are also to be completed. There are 36 lift irrigation schemes and 445 minor irrigation tanks in the district.

Cattle, Poultry, Sheep, Goats and Buffaloes constitute the major livestock of the district. It is to be noted that poultry and goat-rearing activities will increase the burden of work for children.

Though 18.73 percent of men and 25.86 per cent of women are agricultural laborers, they do not have yearlong employment. There is also temporary migration of full families or male workers. The migration is more in Afzalpur, Aland ,Chittapur,Chincholi blocks they are migrating in the month of November. In the former case children get enrolled to school but fail to attend thereafter when they move out of their villages with their parents for employment. In the latter case, females left behind by the males in the family hardly evince any interest in schooling of their children or participate in Gramsabha meetings, SDMC meetings etc,.

For migratory Children we are preparing the plan during the year 2010-11

d) Administrative Structure (Blocks, Gram Panchayat)

It consists of two sub divisional administrative units, namely Kalaburagi and Sedam, It consists of seven taluks namely,Afzalpur, Aland, Chincholli, Chittapur, Kalaburagi, Jewargi and Sedam. There are 873 revenue villages, 32 hoblies and 220 Gram Panchayats in the district.

Deputy Commissioner and Chief Executive Officer of Zillapanchayat (ZP) look after the district administration. The Zillapanchayat has an elected body represented by 44 ZP members, one of which will be chairman and one will be vice chairman. The ZP will have different sub committees like Health and Education, Agriculture, Social justice etc. Health and Education sub committee looks after the department of Education. Similarly at Taluk level Tahashildars and Taluk Panchayat Executive Officers (TPEO) looks after the administration of the block along with the elected body of taluk panchayat. In the district 220 Grama panchayats (GP) are established which look after the development of the villages comes under their jurisdiction. The GPs are also having an elected body headed by the chairman. The term of all the elected bodies i.e ZP, TP and GP is 5 years.

Election Profile

Seat's

Total elected Zillah Panchayat member's

44

Member of Parliament

3

Member's of Legislative Assembly

9

Member's of Legislative Council

3

Total Gram Panchayat's

220

Total Village's

873

Total Taluka Panchayat's

7

Total Taluka Panchayat Member's

155

Total Gram Panchayat Member's

3820

e) Demographic profile

As per 2001 Census the total population of the district is 21.74 lakhs which constitutes 4.93% of State population. The domestic decadal growth is 21.02% which is higher than the state average of 17.25%. 33.85 per cent of the families (ie.1,26,586) in the district are BPL families.The sex sex ratio is 963 and density of the population is 196. The other important demographic indicators of the district are listed below:

Table 1.2

Block wise demographic Information

Sl no

Blocks

Revenue

Population

Sex

Population

Number of Habitations

Area in Sq.Km

Villages

Male

Total

Ratio

Density

1

Afzalpur

91

92538

92538

944

138

167

1305

2

Aland

134

152233

152233

951

171

234

1735

3

Chincholi

132

113309

113309

974

143

286

1569

4

Chittapur

120

186390

186390

964

208

321

1765

5

Kalaburagi

136

348665

348665

934

391

320

1730

6

Jewargi

144

119598

119598

967

129

194

1822

7

Sedam

115

97709

97709

1005

191

197

1025

Total

872

1110442

1110442

963

196

1719

10951

Source:Census 2001

f) Literacy Scenario

The literacy rate of Kalaburagi district is increased by 12.11 in 2001. The male and female literacy have also increased by 10.44 and 13.91 respectively. Female literacy rate has registered more than that of male literacy during the decade. This is due to the DPEP and Other programmes which were concentrated to increase the female literacy in the district.

Table 1.4

Literacy performance

Block

1971

1981

1991

2001

Rank

Afzalpur

16.02

23.7

37.62

50.9

3

Aland

18.53

24.8

39.12

52.9

2

Chincholli

16.81

21.3

33.41

48.6

5

Chittapur

18.71

25.46

38.72

49.5

4

Kalaburagi

31.05

38.65

57.38

66.5

1

Jewargi

15.24

20.87

32.84

44.1

7

Sedam

15.75

21.67

34.5

44.8

6

DISTRICT

18.87

25.2

39.08

51.04

Source: Census of India -2001

LITERACY RATE(%) AS PER CENSUS-2001

Block

Rural

Urban

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Afzalpur

62.60

35.80

49.50

71.70

51.90

62.20

63.60

37.50

50.90

Aland

64.10

37.60

51.60

72.60

51.50

62.50

66.00

39.20

52.90

Chincholli

61.10

33.20

47.20

75.80

53.30

65.10

62.30

34.70

48.60

Chittapur

53.30

29.30

41.30

74.80

53.40

64.40

61.00

37.70

49.50

Kalaburagi

62.60

35.50

49.40

83.80

67.80

76.10

76.30

56.10

66.50

Jewargi

56.40

28.00

42.40

74.80

51.70

63.50

57.90

29.90

44.10

Sedam

51.20

27.90

39.40

75.70

55.30

65.70

56.40

33.40

44.80

DISTRICT

58.76

32.47

45.83

75.60

54.99

65.64

63.36

38.36

51.04

Source; Census of India-2001

As per the Census data the literacy rate in 7 blocks is shown in the above table. Except Kalaburagi block were literacy rate is 66.50, which is above the National but below the State Level average (65.38 & 66.60) all other blocks have been below the state and National level so these blocks are considered as educationally backward blocks.

IMPORTANT TOURIST PLACES AND RELIGIOUS CENTRES :

Sannati : Sannati was an important city in the southern part of Ashoka’s empire. The excavations at Sannati have yielded relics of special significance dating back to mouryan period.

Malkhed : Malkhed is belived to have been the capital of Rastrakutas.

Religious Centres :

Deval Ganagapur : A famous temple of Shri Dattatraya is in Deval Ghanagapur in Afzalpur Taluka. The temple attracts lakhs of devotees every year from all over the country.


Nirguna Padukas Sri. Narasimha Sarswati at Ghanagapur Tq. Afzalpur

The speciality of this sacred place is devotees irrespective of their status i.e. both the rich and the poor advance with a begging bowl from door to door seeking a morsel of food as prasadam. By doing so they are belived to earn the virtues and purified souls.

Bhima-Amarja Sangam at Gangapur, is very sacred. There are Koti Theerthas there. The Avadumbara Tree at Gangapur is as powerful as tha KalpaVriksha. Near the Aswatha Tree is Narasimha Teertha, and northwards to it are the PapaVinasini Teertha, Varanasi Teertha, Rudrapada Teertha, Chakra Teertha, Koti Teertha, manmadha Teertha etc. There is the Kalleshwara temple there. It is holy as Gokarna."

Khwaja Bande Nawaz : Sayyad Hazarat Khwaja Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraaz was a sufi saint. He came to Kalaburagi to propogate Islam. Despite his mastery over Persian, he learnt urdu. He lived in Kalaburagi from 1407 to 1422. The saint was much respected and revered by all alike. The annual urus in his memory takes place on the 15th of Zakid month which attracts devotees from all over the country. The Dargha is known for its religious as well as architectural features. The simple walls of the Dargah are decorated with sentences from the Quran painted in gold. The paintings on the walls and domes are in Turkistan and Iranian style.

Sharanabasaveshwar Temple : Sharanabasaveshwar, native of Aralagundagi village in Jewargi Taluk, came propagating virashaivavisim and made Kalaburagi his area of activity. He passed away at Kalaburagi and a temple was built in due course over his sacred tomb. Adi Doddappa Sharan became his diciple and stood by him. Their joint effort resulted and founding the Sharan Basaveshwar Mahadasoha Pitha. The Sharana Basaveshwar temple is an excellent piece of architecture of 20th century.

Sharana Basaveshwar fair takes place for 15 days commencing from chaitra Bahula Panchami. Mahatma Gandhiji visited the temple in 1927. During the freedom struggle also the Sharanbasaveshwar Dasoha pitha had played an important role. Now it seems number of educational institutions.

Buddha Vihara at Kalaburagi

Buddhism was prevalent in this part of Kalaburagi from the days of Buddha which has been supported by recent archaeological excavations made in this region. At Sannathi which is on the banks of river Bhima the ruins of a Buddhist stupa has been excavated. Similarly in Kanaganahalli. site which is named after a Buddha disciple Kanadamuni. Buddhist ruins, relics and some stone inscriptions were discovered. Buddha Vihara at Kalaburagi. It is constructed in Kalaburagi by Siddhartha Vihar Trust and is recently inaugurated by Her Excellency the President of India Smt. Prathiba Devisingh Patil and His holiness Dalai Lama was the distinguished guest,who graced the inaugural function.

Jayatheerth Monastery in Malkhed : Jayatheerthcharya, a great commentator had stayed at this place. The existing monastery which stands on the bank of the river Kagina. It attracts lakhs of devotees every year all over the country to observe the birth anniversary of the great commentator.

Kshemalingeshwar Temple : It is a famous temple of Narona in Alanda Taluka, which is believed to be called ‘Dakshina Kashi’. It attracts number of devotees across the state.

Shri Kshetra Yanagundi : One of the famous religious centers exists in Gurumithakal of Yadgir educational district. Devotees visit from all over the country seeking the blessings of the Mata Manikeshwari. Every year the celibate Yogini Mata Manikeshwari graces the devotees on the occasion of Shivaratri appearing from the cave, which is the place for her austere penance.

Ecological :

Appankere

A huge water body which is an integral part of Kalaburagi natural heritage is a Tank, popularly called “Appankere”. Situated in the center of the city, the tank presents an impressive look when it is full. The tank bund and the garden near by is a popular outing place for the locals.

Yeti poth nala and Nazarapur falls : These falls are the major falls in Kalaburagi district of Chincholli block. There are magnificent to view in rainy days.

Chandrampalli Dam : It is a about 10 Km from Chincholi and has the Gottan Gotta forest in the background. It is most suitable for Eco tourism.

Gottam Gotta forest : Around 7 km from chandrapalli. It is an ideal place for trekking.

Uplloan Hills : Around 10 km from Kalaburagi. It is highly suitable place for to visit in and around Kalaburagi City.

The Kesaratgi Farm : An existing farm of the zilla panchayat. It has lot of potential to be developed as a picnic spot in Kalaburagi.

Kalaburagi, which is one of the biggest districts in the entire state is known for its communal harmony and national integration, though it was influenced by the rule of Nizam. The people of this region upheld the maxim “Unity in diversity” by showing their solidarity, fraternity, compassion and concern towards fellow human being in the trying times. It is the land which has nurtured to various outstanding people, seers and saints and veteran politicians, dedicated educationists, and consecrated revolutionaries; such as Sharanabasaveshwar a propagator of Sharana Principles, Khaja Bande Nawaz a famous Persian scholar and a propagator of Islam, Late Sri Chandrashekhar Patil, Late Sri Veerendra Patil, Late Sri Bapugowda Darshanapur, Late Smt Sarita Kusumakar Desai, Late Sri Shrinivas Gudi and Late Sri Ganghadhar Namoshi have left an indelible impression because of their political diplomacy. Precisely, Late Sri Annarao Ganamukhi, Late Sri Mahadevappa Rampure, Late Sri Vittalrao Devalgaonkar are the such people without whom Kalaburagi district could not have acquired a certain degree of literacy status in the education sector. Besides Late Sri Ramanand Teerth, Sri Vidyadhar Guruji and Sri Saradar Sharangowda Patil are great revolutionaries, who are ever remembered for their selfless service and indomitable spirit to emancipate the region from the Nizam’s tyranny.

Kalaburagi,despite he stigma i.e. under privileged Hydrabad Karnataka region, is developing slowly with a giant pace. However the region needs to be improved much. Let’s hope for the best in the days to come.

The High Court circuit bench inaugurated in the year 2008. in the Hyderabad Karnataka region. So for most of the cases which held in Bangalore will be sent to Kalaburagi to get the judgments.