RAICHUR DISTRICT PROFILE

Raichur district is situated in the north-eastern part of Karnataka, which is also popularly known as Hyderabad Karnataka. The district lies between 15 09’ and 16 34’ North latitude and 75 46’and 77 35’ East longitude and at about 1311 feet above mean sea level. To the north of the district is Kalaburagi district, Bijapur district to the west, Bellary district to the south and Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh to the east. Its area is 8.386 sq. kms and has five blocks- Deodurga, Lingasugur, Manvi, Raichur and Sindhanoor.

The district has a historical importance; it is believed that Ashok’s empire extended over this region. The stone inscriptions of the Ashok period are situated at Maski of Lingasugur taluk.

Later it was ruled by the Vijayanagar rulers and later by the Muslim rulers of Hyderabad. The fort of Mudugal town is well known for its architecture. The old Raichur city is also surrounded by a fort built by Rani Rudramma of Kakatiya Dynasty of warangal.

Raichur district is situated between Krishna river in north and Tungabadra in south. Hence popularly known as edudorenadu.

The district is drought prone. The rainfall is scanty. The holding power of the soil is also poor. This has resulted in the seasonal movement of the agricultural laborers to cities for construction works during summer, as they do not find any jobs in their villages, which makes their living burdensome.

Agriculture is the main occupation of the majority of the people in the district. The soil is black and crops like paddy, jowar, maize, groundnut, sunflower, cotton, and grams are grown. Agriculture is mostly rain fed. About 18% of the agricultural land is irrigated by the left bank canal of Tungabhadra Project. The taluks Sindhanoor, Manvi, Deodurga and Raichur are being provided with irrigation facilities from the Krishna River. The neighboring people from Andhra Pradesh who have expertise in the cultivation of paddy are moving to the district. This has resulted in the new habitations coming up very frequently.

The vegetation is tropical consisting mostly of thorny bushes. Neem trees are grown extensively in the district.

Lingasugur block of this district has rich gold deposits at Hatti village. Gold mines are functioning there.

Thermal Power Station with seven units is situated at Shakthinagar of Raichur taluk. This plant supplies power to the entire north part of Karnataka. Apart from these a few small-scale industries mostly agro based are situated in the district.

Educationally the district has better facilities. There are colleges of engineering,medicine,nursing,dental sciences, post graduate courses, agricultural sciences, business management etc. catering to the needs of higher education.

The Population:

Table 1.1 The Population of the district according to 1991 and 2001 census is as under.

1991

2001

Area

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Rural

5,12,804

5,06,954

10,19,758

6,17,332

611871

12,29,203

Urban

1,70,454

1,61,597

3,32,051

2,15,020

2,03,989

4,19,009

Total

6,83,258

6,68,551

13,51,809

8,32,352

8,15,860

16,48,212

Source : Cencus 2001.

The decadal growth of the population in the district is 21.93%

Table 1.2 The population of the district block wise for the year 2001 is as under.

Block

2001

Area

Male

Female

Total

Deodurga

Rural

91,789

90,293

1,82,082

Urban

11,304

10,688

21,992

Total

1,03,093

1,00,981

2,04,074

Lingasugur

Rural

1,25,037

1,22,289

2,47,326

Urban

37,710

35,843

73,553

Total

1,62,747

1,58,132

3,20,879

Manvi

Rural

1,46,931

1,46,054

2,92,985

Urban

19,074

18,481

37,555

Total

1,66,005

1,64,535

3,30,540

Raichur

Rural

1,04,597

1,03,350

2,07,947

Urban

1,15,556

1,09,061

2,24,617

Total

2,20,153

2,12,411

4,32,564

Sindhanoor

Rural

1,48,978

1,49,889

2,98,863

Urban

31,376

29,916

61,292

Total

1,80,354

1,79,801

3, 60 ,155

Total

Rural

6,17,332

6,11,871

12, 29, 203

Urban

2,15,020

2,03,989

4 ,19 , 009

Total

8,41,840

8,27,922

16 ,69,762

State

2,68,98,918

2,59,51,644

5,28,50,562

Source: Census 2001.

Population of SC & ST:

Table 1.3 Population of SC/ST block wise is given below.

Block

SC

ST

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Deodurga

22394

21955

44349

37729

37181

74910

Lingasugur

34580

33832

68412

25954

25378

51332

Manvi

31138

31101

62239

38955

39001

77956

Raichur

41629

41017

82646

26244

25885

52129

Sindhanoor.

29599

30031

59630

23198

23517

46715

Total

159340

157936

317276

152080

150962

303042

Source: Census 2001.

DISTRICT DEMOGRAPHY

Sex Ratio:

The sex ratio has slightly increased from 979 (991 census ) to 983 ( 2001 census )

Literacy:

Table 1.4 The literacy in the district is given under.

Category

1991

2001

% Of decadal increase

Male

46.75

62.02

15.27

Female

21.70

36.84

15.14

ALL

34.34

49.54

15.20

Source: Census 2001.

The above table shows that the literacy has increased by 15.20% over the decade. But still it is much below the state average of 63.42.

Table 1.5 Literacy of the district block wise for the year 2001 is as under.

Block

2001

Area

Male

Female

Total

Deodurga

Rural

41.69

20.89

31.37

Urban

50.12

36.30

43.40

Total

45.10

28.59

37.38

Lingasugur

Rural

50.58

24.92

37.88

Urban

68.39

48.00

58.45

Total

59.49

36.46

48.16

Manvi

Rural

44.42

24.00

34.24

Urban

54.51

38.60

46.68

Total

49.46

31.30

40.46

Raichur

Rural

43.35

20.78

32.13

Urban

68.79

56.11

62.63

Total

56.07

38.45

47.38

Sindhanoor

Rural

52.75

29.20

40.94

Urban

62.69

44.20

53.67

Total

57.72

36.70

47.31

Total

Rural

46.55

23.95

35.31

Urban

60.90

44.64

52.96

Total

62.02

36.84

49.54

State

84.48

68.48

63.42

Source: Census 2001.

The above table shows that the literacy of Deodurga block is the lowest in the district especially in the female literacy. However the female literacy is remarkably low in almost all the blocks of the district compared to that of the male literacy.